North Greenland Eskimo Dog


 From paintings by Louis Agassiz Fuertes

Polaris was chosen as our model of this type because he has been considered

the most perfect known. He shows the

light color so prevalent among the dogs of the extreme north on both

continents, and the marked depth and breadth of muzzle.

This seems to be a characteristic of many Asiatic dogs,

the Chow and Tibetan mastiff notably, and may point to an

Asiatic connection with Greenland via the or across .

There is a heavy, pale buff, deep-jawed dog found along the Arctic coast of

America from the eastern to the western extent of land.

and his role

No white man living has had more experience with this breed than ,

who frankly admits that if it had not been for the sledge dogs he never

would have discovered the North Pole. He is a firm believer in the

pure-bred North Greenland Eskimo, which is practically a ,

and most of the dogs which went to the Pole were of this type.

A puppy from these famous animals, secured by one of the coauthors of this

article from Admiral Peary, was named “Polaris,” and he developed into

what Captain “Bob” Bartlett declared to be the finest living specimen of the breed.

Eskimo Dog Makeup

Polaris weighed about , but looked much larger, owing to his wonderful coat,

which at its best measured nine inches long on the shoulder.

The hair of the tail was 12 inches long. He took to the sledge and to the pack-saddle

without any training whatever, and pulled a sledge three miles through

deep snow the first time he was put in harness.

He was extremely gentle and affectionate with people and with a little

Scotch terrier of ours, but a devil incarnate toward everything else that walked, flew, or swam.

From grasshoppers and wild mice, through cats and pigs to sheep and cattle,

there was nothing he could not or did not kill.

Yet such was the magic of his smile, the twinkle of his eye, and the

wheedling wave of his tail, that no one would believe anything against

him unless he was caught in the act, which he usually wasn’t.

He was finally presented to Dr. Wilfred Grenfell, and celebrated

his arrival in Labrador by whipping every other dog in sight.

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