From paintings by Louis Agassiz Fuertes


Two dogs which rival the Eskimo in their ability to endure deep snow and

extreme cold are the St. Bernard and the ,

both of which have become famous as savers of life.

Both are well-known subjects of the poet and the painter,

who delight to record their heroic deeds or their simple fidelity.


The has the further unique distinction among

dogs of being figured on a postage stamp of his native land.

He is a wonderful swimmer and is credited with saving many’ people from drowning.

It is a real pity’ that this noble, useful, and typically’ American dog

should have lost popularity’ to such an extent that now he is almost never seen.

Only are preserved, so far as can be learned—one in England and one in New Jersey.

Therefore it was a great pleasure as well as a great assistance in the

making of the plate to meet face to face at the Westminster show of 1918

the straight descendant of the very dog whose photograph had been the artist’s model.


The magnificent St. Bernard carries on better than any other breed the qualities

that characterize the . For many years the breed, which had been

perfected and stabilized in England, was used as a farmer’s helper, having the

intelligence needed for a herding dog and the weight and willingness to churn and do other real work.

His benignity and unquestioned gentleness made him a very desirable guard

and companion for children, and his deep voice rather than his actual attack

was usually a sufficient alarm against unwonted intrusions.

Aside from these fine qualities, however, his mere beauty and staunch

dependability should have been sufficient to preserve him from the

fate that seems to be almost accomplished.

Weighing from 120 to 150 pounds and standing 25 to 27 inches at the shoulder,

the deep-furred. massive-headed, and kind-eyed Newfoundland was one of the

most impressive of dogs.

He was strong, active, and leonine both in looks and in action,having a rolling, loosely knit gait.

Newfoundland Colourings

There were two recognized colors— all black (white toes and breast spot were not defects, however)

and white, with large black patches over the ears and eyes and on the body,

most impotantly the latter being known as Landseer Newfoundlands. because a dog of this

type is the subject of well-known painting, “A of the .”

The forehead was domed almost to the point of looking unnatural;

the broad forehead. deep jaw, flews, and dewlaps betokened a kind and gentle nature.

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