Japanese Spaniel and Yorkshire Terrier
From paintings by Louis Agassiz Fuertes
Japanese Spaniel Traits
There are many kinds of toy spaniels, and in imperfect specimens it is
sometimes difficult to know just where to place them. To add to the ease of confusion,
fashion or caprice sometimes dictates new names for old friends, and the
maze of synonyms is hard for the uninitiated to follow.
The Japanese is largely white, with either black or red, brown, fawn, or
orange patches, clearly and as near as possible symmetrically distributed.
It is virtually essential that the head should be marked about as shown, with the
eyes, cheeks, ears, and sides of neck dark, leaving the muzzle, stop, forehead, and crown white.
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Japanese Spaniel Differences
This is a cobby little dog, standing well upon its legs (thus differing from the Peke).
The ears are moderate”in fact, small”for a spaniel. The nose is very short and the
forehead very high and round. It would be badly apple-headed in other breeds than
toy spaniels, where it is a much-cherished “dome.” The tail is carried on the back or
twisted high to one side. In shows they arc classed as above or below seven pounds.
Like all these toy terriers, they are snobbish to a degree and view all
strangers from a disdainful angle, and are ready with a repellent
snarl or snap to meet any advance.
The Japanese spaniel is also of ancient Eastern origin and may have
descended from the Tibet spaniel, which is supposed to be the ancestor of the Pekingese.
But he is a much smaller dog, weighing from four to nine pounds or thereabouts.
Like other Oriental lap-dogs, he was bred small that he might easily be carried in the sleeve.
The Yorkshire Terrier
The Yorkshire terrier , as a rule, is frankly exhibited as a toy.
This breed, too, claims to have had sporting instincts, but today he is an
artificial creature, and, so far from being useful, practically requires a
valet to keep his beautiful long, silken coat in order.
Special brushes are made for his benefit, special cosmetics are
recommended for his hair, and very often he takes his meals with a
mask on to keep his long whiskers out of his plate. Many owners go a
step farther and put cotton or linen stockings on his hind feet to
protect his precious coat when he scratches himself.
Yorkshire Terrier makeup
This little dog is virtually concealed by his long silky coat, which reaches to the ground.
It is parted on his nose; the part extends uninterrupted to the root of the tail,
which is of medium length, carried straight out.
He is in general a delicate refinement of the Skye, which he resembles
strongly in conformation. His back must be level and straight and he must carry his head well up.
The standard dictates a very strict color scheme: the body from just
back of the ears is all steel blue; the head and feet are all golden tan,
the shorter hair of nose, ears, and feet being darker and richer, the
long, flowing hair of crown, checks, and chest being dark at base, but
growing steadily paler toward the extremities.
There are three classes, according to weight; 5 pounds and under.
7 pounds and under, but over 5, and over 7 pounds.